Inner hearing is the ability to hear music inside our heads without any external sound source. As an essential part of our developing music literacy, opportunities to build this skill are incorporated into many activities, games, and songs in our music class. The students in the photo are practicing a song in three stages. The first stage is to learn the song by singing with the teacher. Second, the students sing the song together without the voice of the teacher. Lastly, the song is heard completely in our heads. Adding movements to the song helps to stabilize this process in the beginning.
In later months, the students will be able to alternate smoothly between singing out loud and in their heads. In the years to come, musicians have learned to anticipate how the music will sound before they have played or sung a single note out loud.